Missing teeth negatively affect the appearance person’s smile, moreover, missing teeth can change the occlusion, shift the teeth, cause TMJ, create speech difficulties, and cause greater chance of tooth decay.
Dental bridges, are used to replace missing teeth.
Main types of bridges:
Traditional (most common type of bridge) involve creating a crown on each side of the missing tooth. Traditional bridges are made of porcelain fused to metal or ceramics.
Cantilever bridges are usually used to replace only one tooth when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth.
Maryland bonded bridges (resin-bonded bridge ) are made of plastic teeth and gums supported by a metal frame.
Types of Bridge Materials
Porcelain: porcelain bridges look the most naturally, but do not have as much strength as metal bridges and are best suited to replace front teeth.
Porcelain fused to metal: In this type of bridge usually used on back teeth when aesthetics really important. Porcelain fused to metal tooth colored restorations offer more strength than porcelain bridge.
All gold, silver, and alloys: Metal bridge offers better fit, it is stronger and more durable than any other type of bridge, but, metal bridge does not present natural appearance that most dental patients want
Placing a dental bridge is a multi-step process. During the first visit to the dentist, the dentist will examine the gums and other teeth to evaluate if you are a candidate for a bridge. Next, the dentist will take an impression of the prepared teeth to create a model of your teeth. The bridge is fabricated by a lab and it has to fit precisely on the mouth. It is important that the bridge fits perfectly to avoid additional tooth decay. While your bridge is being constructed, your dentist will provide you with a temporary bridge in order for your teeth and gums can to be protected from damage until the permanent bridge is ready.